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-9- At the foot of Capitol Hill, looking toward the Treasury and the White House, the Plan of 1901 contemplates that there shall be a great open plaza with monuments and fountains somewhat like the Place de la Concorde in Paris. It was intended that this space should provide a dignified entrance to Pennsylvania Avenue and also into the Mall leading westward to the Washington Monument a mile away. The memorial to General Grant has been located in this space in accordance with these plans, but there progress has stopped. The development of the plaza and the Mall has been delayed until arrangements could be made for the removal of the Botanic Gardens to larger and more suitable quarters on land to be acquired on the west front of the Capitol. The State of Pennsylvania has erected a memorial to General George Gordon Meade, as a companion to the Grant Memorial, and in doing so has also provided for suitable landscape setting in accordance with the Mall plan. Thus these two memorials will stand in the great Union Plaza at the head of the Mall and the way will be open at last to complete the developments required to make the Mall into a beautiful park. First it will be necessary to demolish the temporary buildings and the smokestacks erected during the War. Then a great avenue of greensward, bordered by drives and lined with four rows of stately trees, will be projected through the Mall, leading westward from the Capitol and the Union Plaza to the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial beyond. Along this avenue, at intervals, will be such buildings as the Agricultural Department, the Freer Gallery, the National Museum, and
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