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Goach painting and Trimming Instructions in filling, priming, glazing, rubbing out, putting in color, color and varnish, rubbing varnish, striping, ornamenting and finishing. This shop has ten benches each having a coach-maker's vise and the necessary number of saws, planes, chisels, bits, braces, drawing knives, spoke shaves, etc. Painting HOUSE PAINTING-Inside and outside, graning, natural hard wood finish, varnishing, polishing and enameling, sizing and kalsomining. The mixing of paints and bases of tints and colors is taught, as no ready mixed paints are used. Theory of paints manufacture and adulteration. All the buildings on the grounds are painted inside and outside, all kalsomining is done as supplemental practical application of training in paint shop. SIGN PAINTING-Instructions in laying out, cutting, studying styles and names of letters. Plumbing and Steam Fitting This course embraces instruction and practice in all lines of piping and connections necessary for the heating of the buildings, about 10,000,000 cubic feet, connecting up engines, boilers and dynamos, Practice in care of boilers and steam engines, drawing and banking fires, regulating water supply and draught, steam pressure, blowing flues, and everything necessary to first class engineering and firing. 28 [[end page]] [[start page]] Plumbing This includes all sanitary drainage, the care of 85 closets, 75 bath-tubs, 20 stationary wash-stands, 17 sinks, 19 laundry tubs, and 18 kitchen tubs. There is also opportunity to study some machine work. All repairs to farming implements, Printing Presses, Laundry Machinery, Mowers and Sewing Machines are made by the students in this department. Tailoring The work in this department consists chiefly in making uniforms for the school, working clothes for boys, and civilian suits for the graduates. The course is divided into three grades, not necessarily years, but a completion of each grade before the pupil is advanced to another grade, as follows:- 1st. Practice is given in stitching, in order to accustom him to the use of the needle and thread, beginning with the running stitch and backstitch, this is followed by other stitches and the making of buttonholes, and this in turn by practice on the sewing machine. After he can do this fairly well he is given work on repairing of that kind which does not require a great amount of skill. He will repair his own clothes as well as those of other boys. 2nd. Having become more proficient in the use of the needle and sewing machine, he will begin to make trousers. At all times stress is laid on having him work carefully rather than rapidly, and basting is insisted on, as good work cannot be done without it. By actual work he is taught the cleaning of clothes, and the various ways of removing stains, dirt, dust, etc., as this is an important part to be learned in the trade, and for which material is never wanting. Connected with this work is pressing and repairing of an 29
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