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In this Department the boys is taught First--To make a wax end and twist a bristle--to sew straight seams; then the use of tools on repair work, also how to keep them in order.

Secondly,--Cutting and fitting uppers, lasting stock-fitting, second lasting, trimming, heeling, hand welt repairing, sewing in linings, punching and putting in eyelets, measuring the foot and fitting, sand papering and finishing.

Both men's and ladies' shoes are made.  All our work is done by hand except the sewing of soles which is done by a McKay solesewer run by foot power.

Much repair work is done so that a boy after three years in the shop can do all kind of work by hand connected with this business.

In addition to cutting and finishing tables and cobbling benches, this shop has five tables each equipped with four jacks, each table thus accomodating four apprentices.  Besides the usual equipment of tools there are the following machines:  1 McKay Sole Sewer, 1 Eyeleter, 1 Chanceller, 1 Rolling Machine, 1 Sciving Machine and several Sewing Machines.

Plastering, Masonry, Bricklaying and Gementing

In these branches of our industrial training especial attention is given to the practical side, in actual construction work.

PLASTERING is taught in shop and also in practice.  Making mortar, putting, the use of hair, bathing, plastering walls and ceiling; plastering to ground and to finish; and sand finish.  All the new buildings are plastered by this department under a Master Mechanic.


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BRICKLAYING--Proper use of ordinary bricklayers' tools, making mortar-beds and boards, building scaffolding, screening sand, slacking lime, use of coloring material, selecting brick, choice of lime and sands, spreading of mortar, cleaning brick, laying brick pavement, use of stretchers, headers, laying piers and setting window and door frames, trimming joints with pointing trowel and straight-edge, laying off building arches, chimneys, stacks, cleaning brick with acid.

MASONRY--Use of tools, making of mortar, dressing up stones, laying of foundations, pointing, and all practical work in this line.  Much practice in actual building.

CEMENTING--The laying of granolithie or cement pavement is taught.  Excavations, framework, grouting, proportion of crushed stone, cement and sand, screening stones, time allowed for setting. Mixing fins grade of screened stones, cement and sand, levelling, marking, top coat of cement and sand, finishing, building curb, removing frame, care of pavement until hardened. Estimates of cost per square yard, etc.  Also the molding of artificial stone or cement blocks for trimming and building purposes.

Tin Shop

The work in this department consists of tin and sheet metal vessel making and tin roofing. The shop is well equipped with tools and machines, among which are folding machines, edging machines, forming machines, turning machines, setting-down machines, beading machines, tongs, seamers, snips, bench shears, stakes, etc.

The apprentice is taught the use and care of tools and machines.  How to make articles such as cups, soap dishes, napkin rings, dippers, pans, stove pipes, elbows, putting together tin for roofs, and the making of large vessels.  They are likewise taught how to lay flat and standing seam roofs with valleys, putting up gutters and conductor pipes, and all kinds of repairing.

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