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Notwithstanding the increase in Negro population in practically all cities, there is a decided concentration in the more important industrial centers North and South. The table below gives figures for thirty years in the ten largest centers of Negro population.

TABLE III.

THE GROWTH OF THE TEN LARGEST CENTERS
OF NEGRO POPULATION SINCE 1900
and
PER CENT INCREASE 1920-1930

[[7 column table]]
Per Cent Increase 1920-1930 |
City | NEGRO POPULATION 1930 | NEGRO POPULATION 1920 | NEGRO POPULATION 1910 | NEGRO POPULATION 1900 | Per Cent Increase 1920-1930 White | Per Cent Increase 1920-1930 Negro 
New York, N. Y | 327,706 | 152,467 | 91,709 | 60,666 | 20.6 | 114.2 
Chicago, Ill. | 233,903 | 109,458 | 44,103 | 30,150 | 20.8 | 113.2 
Philadelphia, Pa. | 219,599 | 134,229 | 84,459 | 62,613 | 2.3 | 63.7 
Baltimore, Md. | 142,106 | 108,322 | 84,749 | 79,258 | 5.9 | 31.2 
Washington, D. C. | 132,068 | 109,966 | 94,446 | 86,702 | 8.2 | 20.0 |
New Orleans, La. | 129,632 | 100,930 | 89,262 | 77,714 | 14.5 | 29.4 
Detroit, Mich. | 120,066 | 40,838 | 5,741 | 4,111 | 51.2 | 193.4
Birmingham, Ala. | 99,077 | 70,230 | 52,305 | 16,575 | 47.9 | 41.1
Memphis, Tenn. | 96,550 | 61,181 | 52,441 | 49,910 | 54.8 | 57.7 St. Louis, Mo. | 93,580 | 69,854 | 43,960 | 35,516 | 3.3 | 34.0 

II.

OCCUPATIONS

1. The Negro forms 11.3 per cent of the country's working masses, although his population is only 9.2 per cent of the whole.

2. In more or less normal periods, 5,500,000 Negroes are gainfully employed.

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3. The masses of Negro workers are employed in the following occupational groups: 
2,000,000 in Agriculture — doing 19 per cent of all the farming.
1,600,000 in Personal and Domestic Service — doing 31.8 per cent of all the work.
1,025,000 in Manufacturing and Mechanical Industries — doing 7.3 per cent of all the work.

Over a period of twenty years, the number of Negroes engaged in gainful occupations decreased.  For every 1,000 gainfully occupied persons in the United States in 1910, 136 of them were Negroes; but in 1930, 113 of them were Negroes.  While the number of Negroes in every 1,000 of the population decreased from 107 per 1,000 in 1910 to 97 in 1930; the loss in employment was relatively greater than the loss in population over this twenty-year period; for there was a 9.3 per cent loss in the ratio of Negroes in the population and a 16.2 per cent loss in jobs.

Assuming the total of Negroes gainfully employed in each Census year to be 1,000, the following distribution prevailed from 1910 to 1930: 

TABLE IV.

DISTRIBUTION OF EVERY 1,000 TOTAL AND NEGRO WORKERS
BY BROAD OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS
THE UNITED STATES
1930, 1920, 1910

[[7 Column Table]]
Occupational Group | 1930 Total | 1930 Negro | 1920 Total | 1920 Negro | 1910 Total | 1910 Negro 
Agriculture | 214 | 361 | 263 | 452 | 332 | 557 
Forestry and Fishing1 | 5 | 6 | ...... | ...... | ...... | ...... 
Extraction of Minerals | 20 | 14 | 26 | 15 | 25 | 12 
Manufacturing and Mechanical | 289 | 186 | 308 | 184 | 278 | 122 
Transportation and Communication | 79 | 72 | 74 | 65 | 69 | 49 
Trade | 125 | 33 | 102 | 29 | 95 | 23 
Public Service | 18 | 9 | 19 | 10 | 12 | 4 
Professional Service | 67 | 25 | 52 | 17 | 44 | 13 
Domestic and Personal Service | 101 | 286 | 82 | 221 | 99 | 216 
Clerical Occupations | 82 | 7 | 75 | 8 | 46 | 4 

1 Included in Agriculture prior to 1930.

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