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220              THE CRISIS

Bell Lumber Company to leave the place if he cared to live. When a protest was made the County Attorney said that he would never prosecute any white for running a Negro out of town. 

Mrs. Ethel Clark, a colored woman of Boston, is in the hospital at St. Louis, Mo., in a serious condition as a result of assault by a conductor on a trolley car. Being unfamiliar with the transfer system of St. Louis, Mrs. Clark asked for a transfer upon the wrong line. The conductor swore and refused her transfer. When she protested against his language and manner and took his number he threw her from the car. He was arrested. 


The following colored men have been lynched since the last report: At Lake Cormorant, Miss., James Bailey, accused of stealing two mules. At Elloree, S.C., Rosa Carson, a woman, accused of beating a white child to death. Near Robinsonville, Miss., James Robinson, accused of implication in the murder of a white man. Near Manack, Ala., an unidentified Negro, accused of running amuck among the farms of that section. At Shaw, Miss., Jennie Collins, who refused to allow a mob to search her house. At Eufala, Okla., Crockett Williams, charged with the murder of an Indian. 
A number of militiamen at Gordonsville, Va., attempted to break into the jail and lynch James Addison, a half-witted colored man, who had attacked a certain white militiamen. United States troops prevented the crime. 
Sheriff Jones of Bay Springs, Miss., prevented a mob from lynching a colored man, Moses Johnson, whom they charged with robbing a pay car. One colored man has been lynched for this offense. 
A crowd of two hundred armed men surrounded the jail at Harriston City, Pa., where a colored man accused of assault upon a white girl was imprisoned. The militia arrived in time to prevent violence. 
Joseph Dixon, a colored man, went into a saloon in Cairo, Ill., and brandished a knife. The white bartender, Henry Weakley, shot Dixon, who died from the wound several hours later. Dixon claimed that he was only playing with the bartender as he had often done before. At the coroner's inquest, Weakley was exonerated on the plea of self-defense. 

The death sentence of Luther Tyler, a young colored man of Goochland County, Va., accused of assaulting a white woman, has been commuted to life imprisonment because new evidence which has aroused serious doubt as to the identity of the prisoner. 
William Miller, a young colored man of Staunton, Va., has been sentenced to seven years imprisonment, charged with assault upon a white woman.
Police Detective Fred. L. Kreugle of Richmond, Va., has been discharged from the service for killing Samuel Thomason, a colored man, without cause. 
Robert Harris, who was charged with murder in La Junta, Cal., has been acquitted. In an attempt to protect his father and mother, he killed two policemen who invaded their home without cause in 1911. 
In a fight between the two boys in Macon, Ga., Alex Nottingham, a white boy, killed Robert Miller, a fifteen-year-old colored boy, by stabbing him through the heart. There us no record of an arrest in the white papers. One simply states "The lad deeply regretted the Negro's death." 
Edward Marshall, the white man who attempted some time ago to rob the colored Atlanta, Georgia, Savings Bank, has been sentenced to three years in the penitentiary. 
Clara Hauptmann, a seven-year-old white child of Seven Stars, N.J., claimed that she was attacked in a swamp near her home by a Negro. The police, however, doubt her story; John Wright, a colored man, was arrested. He gave an accurate description of the child, said that she saw him at a distance and ran away, frightened. He denies having offered her any violence, and the child says that he was not the man. Another colored man was arrested, but gave a satisfactory account of himself. 
William Parker, a colored man, was badly beaten and tied with ropes because he sat in a car leaving Alexandria, Md., beside a white woman. The white woman was seated in one of the seats set apart for colored passengers. Parker, who denied having or flourishing a pistol, was immediately taken to jail. 
Two white men of Gunthrie, Okla., have been arrested charged with holding colored boys in peonage. One of the boys escaped recently and informed officers; three other boys who attempted to escape were captured and received beatings that may result fatally. 

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Among the many recent commencement exercises, none was more unique or more gratifying from a race standpoint, than those which marked the distinguished graduation of Mrs. Elnora S. Manson from the Cosmopolitan School of Music and Dramatic Art in Chicago. The exercises were held in the Auditorium Building on June 10, and the brilliant program given on that occasion was presented by the members of ensemble department and repertoire classes in compliment to Mrs. Manson, whose record in the Academic Department of the school is a matter of pride to students and teachers alike. 

Mrs. Manson was the only student of her race in the entire school, and the splendid spirit of appreciation of her shown by faculty. and school is worthy of note. Mr. Henry Eames, director of the Ensemble Department, spoke in warm commendation of the quality of Mrs. Manson's work, of her literary ability, of her patient persistence in research and her adherence to the highest ideals along all lines of endeavor. He mentioned specially the last piece of work done by Mrs. Manson, before graduation. This work, "The Development of the Orchestra," has received much praise from musical critics and is now in the hands of Frederic Stock, a conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. The Music News in its report of the graduation exercise says: "Mrs. Manson well deserves the praise and honor bestowed upon her on this occasion. She is a deep student and possesses extraordinary talent, not only along musical lines, but in literature as well. She is a great credit to this school." 

Mrs. Manson received her first impetus in this line of musical research when she was affiliated with the Choral Study Club of Chicago about eight years ago. Mr. Pedro Tinsley, then director of the club, invited Mrs. Manson to give some talks on the works rendered by the club. Her first attempted was the cantata, "The Seven Last Words of Christ," by Theodore Dubois, and later on she gave a musical analysis of the Bon-Bon Suite by S. Coleridge Taylor. These efforts were so successful that Mrs. Manson determined to give herself entirely to the work of lecture-recitals. By the friendly advice of Dr. Frank Gunsaulus and Miss Anne Shaw Falkner, the distinguished interpreter of orchestral works, Mrs. Manson entered the school from which, after six years, of unremitting labor, she now emerges with such notable honors. 

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Mrs. E. L. Manson
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