Viewing page 10 of 42

The Latin American Spirit--Page 2

including The Museum of Modern Art, and the Soloman R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, and the Hirshorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.

Antonio Frasconi
Antonio Frasconi was born in Buenos Aires in 1919. He moved to Montevido, Uruguay, where he attended the Circulo de Bellas Artes and the School of Architecture. In 1938, Frasconi began working as a political cartoonist and graphic artist. Later he moved to New York City to study at the Art Students League. He received scholarships from the New School for Social Research to study mural painting and from the Tamarand Workshop in California to study lithography. In 1955, Frasconi illustrated Aesop's Fables for the Museum of Modern Art in New York. In 1963, he designed a commemorative United States postage stamp. Frasconi's work is considered to have had an influential and revitalizing effect on the art of woodblock printing in the United States. His brightly colored, forceful prints or every day scenes and activities are in many public and private collections.

Luis Jimenez
Luis Jimenez was born in El Paso, Texas in 1940. He studied art and architecture at the University of Texas at Austin, receiving a bachelor's degree in 1964. That same year, Jimenez received a scholarship from the National University of Mexico and travelled to Mexico. In 1964, he moved to New York. His exhibits include UNESCO in Washington, D.C., and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York. Jimenez's work is in the permanent collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the National Collection of Fine Art, and National Museum or American Art in Washington, D.C.

Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo was born in Coyoacan, a Mexico City suburb. She studied at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria in Mexico City and also studied drawing under Fernando Fernandez. As an early teenager, Kahlo met artist Diego Rivera and announced her ambition in life was to marry him and bear his children. In 1926, Kahlo, pursuing a medical career, suffered life-threatening injuries from a bus accident. Confined to bed from much of her remaining life, she taught herself to paint and won the attention of Rivera who married her in 1929.

The couple's relationship, which included a stormy marriage, separation, divorce, and remarriage, along with her accident was the focus of much of her work. Many of her paintings are self-portraits with themes of physical pain, and the inability to bear children, reflecting her own life. Kahlo's simplified style often feature bright colors, spare stage-like space, frontal figures and native Mexican costume. The couple travelled throughout the United States and Europe in the 1930's, during a political period in which leftist artists rarely found work in Mexico. After returning to Mexico, Kahlo was appointed professor of painting at La Esmeralda in Mexico City, in 1940. She died in 1954. 

Wilfredo Lam (Wilfredo Oscar de la Concepcion Lam y Castillo)
Wilfredo Lam was born in 1902 in Sagua la Grande, Cuba and moved to Havana in 1916, where he studied at the Academia de San Alejandro. He later studied under Fernandez Alvarez de Sotmayor, curator of the Prado, and also at the Academia Libre de la Alhambra in Madrid. In 1938, he joined the Surrealist movement and later travelled to France, New York, and the Caribbean before settling permanently in Paris
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact