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Sponsors 

BERENICE ABBOTT,
New York City
DR. CHARLES C. ADAMS,
Albany, N. Y.
ROBERT BRUERE,
Washington, D. C.
DR. FREDERICK A. BLOSSOM,
Washington, D. C.
SIDNEY BLUMENTHAL,
New York City
DR. EDWARD N. CLOPPER,
Cincinnati
DR. JOHN LOVEJOY ELLIOTT,
New York City
HOMER FOLKS,
New York City
HELEN HALL,
New York City
ROBERT HALLOWELL,
New York City
PAUL HARRIS, 
Des Moines
ELEANOR M. HERRICK,
New York City
JOSEF ISRAELS II,
New York City
ALEXANDER KING,
New York City
FLORENCE KELLOGG,
New York City
PAUL KELLOGG,
New York City
OWEN R. LOVEJOY,
Washington, D. C.
H. M. LYDENBERG,
Washington, D. C.
ELIZABETH McCAUSLAND,
New York City
JOSEPH D. McGOLDRICK,
New York City
TOM J. MALONEY,
New York City
FRANK A. MANNY,
Boxford, Mass.
WILLARD D. MORGAN,
New York City
BEAUMONT NEWHALL,
New York City
FRANCES PERKINS,
Washington, D. C.
ELMER RICE,
New York City
MARGERY QUIGLEY,
Montclair, N. J.
ANNA ROCHESTER,
New York City
ELWOOD STREET, 
Washington, D. C.
ROY E. STRYKER,
Washington, D. C.
ALFRED STIEGLITZ,
New York City
EDWARD STEICHEN,
New York City
PAUL STRAND,
New York City
DR. REXFORD G. TUGWELL,
New York City
DR. FRANCIS VREELAND,
Greencastle, Ind.
MARY VAN KLEECK,
New York City
HUDSON D. WALKER,
New York City
DAVID WEINTRAUB,
Philadelphia
CHARLES F. WELLER,
Chicago
PHILIP N. YOUTZ,
San Francisco

LEWIS W. HINE A Documentary Pioneer
Elizabeth McCausland

The frontier our American pioneers had to conquer stretched over a wide continent, cultural as well as geographical. Not content to expropriate the arts of the Old World, Americans of the New World had to find their own ways of saying what they had to say. The camera - like the cotton gin, spinning jenny, sewing machine, telephone and telegraph, electricity - was congenial to the native technology. It was a sympathetic tool in the hands of men whose blood remembered the wilderness they had subdued. 

Our pioneer photographers went West, along with surveyors, geologists and botanists. They too had their part in its winning. With Hine, the trail was blazed in chartless and unexplored cotton mills, slums, sweatshops, mines and mills. With the new medium of photography at his service and with the new frontier of human justice to conquer, Lewis Hine made history, as did the early inventors and explorers. The history he made deals with human life in the United States in a given period, 1905 to 1938. It lives, and will live, because its subject is reality. 

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact transcribe@si.edu.