Viewing page 134 of 166


which the missionary enterprises subsequently carried out with such wonderful success, were determined upon. These embraced Tibet and Tartary, as well as Ceylon, Bengal, Burmah, and China; and since then the Buddhist faith has continued as the national religious doctrine of their populations. In India, however, Brahminised Hindooism became paramount after the extinction of the Mauryan dynasty of Chandra Gupta, and though it lingered in Bengal, and in some wild localities of the Deccan, until the tenth century after Christ, it was practised in obscurity and under the continual persecution of the Brahmins. The memorials of this wide spread faith, however, still exist in great numbers, and Gya, once most sacred to Buddhists, is still venerated by Hindoos. Among deep forests, and in wild solitary glens and ravines like Ajunta, Daraseo, &c., in the Deccan, and in many localities of Central India, stupendous cave temples, and even still more wonderful sacred edifices covered with sculptured ornaments, excite the admiration of the European antiquary and archaeologist, and are visited by humble pilgrims like the priest represented, from Leh and Yarkhund, in Tartary, and other far distant and still Buddhist lands. 
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact