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SANTA BARBARA ISLANDS. [underlined]

The six Santa Barbara Islands off the coast of southern California were equally divided between Indians of the Chumash and Shoshonean stocks.  The three northern islands, San Miguel, Santa Rosa, and Santa Cruz, adjoining the coast of Santa Barbara and Ventura counties, were occupied like this coast strip by Chumash.  The three southern islands, Santa Catalina, San Clemente, and the outlying San Nicolas were held by Shoshoneans.  Santa Catalina was occupied by Gabrieliños.  Its name was Pimu.  (Reid, California Farmer, XIV, 146, gives Pineugna, probably an error for Pimugna; gna is the locative ending.)  The Luiseños called the island Pipimar.  The affiliations of the inhabitants of San Clemente are not certain.  Reid in the California Farmer, XIV, 146, includes Kinkipar, San Clemente Island, in his list of the principal rancherias of the (Gabrieliño) Indians of Los Angeles county.  The present Luiseño Indians call the island Khesh and state that it was inhabited by people speaking the Luiseño language, who, after being brought to the mainland, settled at a place given the same name three miles below San Luis Rey Mission.  That San Nicolas Island was inhabited by Shoshoneans is evident from the four words preserved of the language of the last survivor of the inhabit-
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