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WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

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MEASURE OF LENGTH.
  4.. In. make 1 Hand.   |   3 Feet    make 1 Yard.
 7.92 In.  "   1 Link.   |   5 1/2 Yds. "   1 Rod or Pole
18 .. In.  "   1 Cubit.  |  40 Poles    "   1 Furlong.
12 .. In.  "   1 Foot.   |   8 Fur.     "   1 Mile.
6  .. Ft.  "   1 Fathom. |  69 1-6 Miles make 1 Degree.
6o Geographical Miles make 1 Degree.
176o Yards}_ 
528o Feet }-  1 Mile.

MEASURE OF SURFACE.
144 Square Inches make 1 Square Foot.
  9 Square Feet    "   1 Square Yard.
3o 1/4 Square Yards "  1 Rod, Perch or Pole.
 40 Square Rods     "  1 Square Rood.
  4 Square Roods    "  1 Square Acre.
 10 Square Chains   "  1 Square Acre.
64o Square Acres    "  1 Square Mile.
Gunter's Chain equal to 22 Yards or 100 Links.
272 1/4 Square Feet make 1 Square Rod.
43,560 Square Feet    "  1 Acre.

MEASURE OF SOLIDITY.
1728 Cubic Inches make 1 Cubic Foot.
  27 Cubic Feet     "  1 Cubic Yard.

AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
27 1/3 1/2 Grains make 1 Drachm (dr.) or 27 1/3 1/2 Grains.
16 Drachms          "  1 Ounce (oz.) or 437 1/2      "
16 Ounces           "  1 Pound (lb.) or 7000         "
28 Pounds           "  1 Quarter (qr.)
4 Quarters          "  1 Hundred-Weight (cwt.)
20 Cwts.            "  1 Ton.
7240 Pounds         "  1 Ton.

TROY WEIGHT.
24 Grains make 1 Pennyweight, or   24 Grains.
20 Pennywts. "  1 Ounce,       or  480  "
12 Ounces    " 1 Pound,        or 5760  "

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT.
20 Grains make 1 Scruple. |  8 Drachms make 1 Ounce.
3 Scruples "   1 Drachm.  | 12 Ounces   "   1 Pound.

DIAMOND WEIGHT.
16 Parts make 1 Grain (4-5ths Grain Troy.)
4 Grains   "  1 Carat (3 1-5th Grains Troy)

LIQUID MEASURE.
4 Gills make 1 Pint.   | 31 1/2 Gallons make 1 Barrel.
2 Pints  "   1 Quart.  | 54     Gallons  "   1 Hhd.
4 Quarts "   1 Gallon. |

DRY MEASURE.
8 Quarts make 1 Peck.  |  8 Bushels make 1 Quarter.
4 Pecks   "   1 Bushel.| 36 Bushels  "   1 Chaldron.
1 Bushel equal to 2815 1/2 cubic in. nearly.
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WEIGHT PER BUSHEL OF GRAIN, ETC.

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The following Table shows the number of pounds per
bushel required, by law or custom, in the sale of articles specified, in the several States of the Union.

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STATES. | Barley. | Buckwheat. | Coal. | Corn, shel'd | Corn Meal. | Onions. | Oats. | Potatoes. | Rye. | Wheat. | Salt. | Turnips. | Beans, wh. | Clover S'd. | Timothy.
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Maine ........| 48 | 48 | .. | 56 | 50 | 52 | 30 | 60 | .. | 60 | .. | 50 | 64 | .. | ..
N. Hampshire .| .. | .. | .. | 56 | 50 |  . | 30 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | 60 | .. | ..
Vermont ......| 48 | 48 | .. | .. | .. | .. | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 70 |    | 64 | 60 | 42
Massachusetts.| 48 | 48 |  . | 56 | 50 | 52 | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | .. | .. | ..
Connecticut...| .. | 45 | .. | 56 | .. | .. | 28 | 60 | 56 | 56 | .. | .. | .. | .. | ..
New York....| 48 | 48 | .. | 58 | .. | .. | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | 62 | 60 | 44
New Jersey...| 48 | 50 | .. | 56 | .. | .. | 30 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | .. | 64 | ..
Pennsylvania..| 47 | 48 | .. | 56 | .. | .. | 30 | 56 | 56 | 60 | 85 | .. | .. | 62 | ..
Delaware.....| .. | .. | .. | 56 | .. | .. | .. | .. | .. | 60 | .. | .. | .. | .. | ..
Maryland.....| 48 | 48 | .. | 56 | .. | 57 | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 56 | .. | 62 | 64 | 45
Dist. Columbia| 47 | 48 | .. | 56 | 48 | 57 | 32 | 56 | 56 | 60 | 50 | 55 | 62 | 60 | 45
Virginia......| 48 | 48 | .. | 56 | 50 | .. | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | 56 | 60 | 64 | 45
West Virginia.| 48 | 52 | 80 | 56 | 48 | .. | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | 60 | 60 | 60 | 45
North Carolina| 48 | 50 | .. | 54 | 46 | .. | 30 | .. | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | .. | 64 | ..
South Carolina| 48 | 56 | 80 | 56 | 50 | 57 | 33 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 50 | .. | 60 | 60 | ..
Georgia.......| 40 | .. | 80 | 56 | 48 | 57 | 35 | 56 | .. | 60 | 56 | .. | .. | 60 | 45
Louisiana.....| 32 | .. | .. | 56 | .. | .. | 32 | .. | 32 | 60 | .. | .. | .. | .. | ..
Arkansas .....| 48 | 52 | 80 | 56 | 50 | 57 | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 50 | .. | 60 | 60 | 45
Tennessee ....| 48 | 50 | .. | 56 | 50 | 56 | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | 60 | .. | 45
Kentucky.....| 48 | 52 | .. | 56 | 50 | 57 | 33 | 56 | 56 | 60 | 50 | .. | 60 | 60| 45
Ohio .........| 48 | 50 | .. | 56 | .. | .. | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | 60 | 60 | 45
Michigan .....| 48 | 48 | 80 | 56 | .. | 54 | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 56 | 58 | 60 | 60 | 45
Indiana.......| 48 | 50 | 70 | 56 | 50 | 48 | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 50 | .. | 60 | 60 | ..
Illinois.......| 48 | 52 | .. | 56 | 48 | 57 | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 50 | .. | 60 | 60 | ..
Wisconsin ....| 48 | 50 | .. | 56 | .. | .. | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | .. | 60 | ..
Minnesota ....| 48 | 42 | .. | 56 | .. | .. | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | .. | 60 | ..
Iowa .........| 48 | 52 | .. | 56 | .. | 57 | 33 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 50 | .. | 60 | 60 | 45
Missouri......| 48 | 52 | .. | 56 | .. | 57 | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 50 | .. | 60 | 60 | 45
Kansas.......| 50 | 50 | .. | 56 | 50 | 57 | 32 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 50 | 55 | 60 | .. | 45
Nebraska.....| 48 | 52 | .. | 56 | 50 | 57 | 34 | 60 | 56 | 60 | 50 | 55 | 60 | 60 | 45
California.....| 50 | 40 | .. | 52 | .. | .. | 32 | .. | 54 | 60 | .. | .. | .. | .. | ..
Oregon .......| 46 | 42 | .. | 56 | .. | .. | 36 | 60 | 56 | 60 | .. | .. | .. | 60 | ..

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